B. The Political Significance of Agriculture in the Human Domain:
The development of social behavior was a significant factor ensuing from the emergence of a religious consciousness. This being the case, it seems that the work of Dr. John H. Morgan, as regards agriculture, must be looked at in order to extract the empirical human development of the homo politicus. The survival of the early human community directs one’s attention again to the Paleolithic period where hunting served as the opportunity for social interrelating. The hunt became the vehicle for survival, since intrinsic to this development was the desire for survival. Desire for survival implicates an integral reality within the depths of man’s being to live. It seems that man’s quest for survival is rooted in the human spirit, or as psychiatrist/philosopher Dr. Viktor Frankl coined it – the nöogenic dimension, and necessarily evokes from such depths of being human an external systematic establishment of governance as in the a political arena.
The contribution of agriculture during the Upper Paleolithic period is evocative of the human spirit since it lent itself to the development of horticultural wisdom, language, leadership and organizational skills through the engagement of interpersonal relating. Anthropologically speaking, the hunt underwent its own evolutionary development from hunting, to hunting and gathering, and finally to agriculture as we understand it in present society.[i] The desire for survival is an integral reality in the human condition, integral to the homo politicus, integral to being human. The hunt became a means of serving this end since it required the ongoing refinement of interrelational skills in human social behavior:
It was in the planning and execution of the hunt itself where key leadership and organizational skills came to the fore in the interpersonal relations of the hunting party – youthful trainees, seasoned hunters, and old veterans. The cognitive skills needed to remember past experiences, draw from the memory, plan a future event, arrange the duties and responsibilities of the various hunting party members, leading and directing the hunt itself, executing the killing of the beasts, and finally, the butchering and the distributing of the kill, all presumed the presence of a duly recognized leader and organizer.[ii]