Sunday, December 30, 2012

Philosophy, Franklian Theory, and Religious Consciousness - Part X


IV. The Philosophical Influence on Franklian Theory:
     Frankl was influenced primarily by Greek philosophy and the Aufklärung German Enlightenment. Frankl, like Socrates, used listening and dialogue to lead people to learn from their past, and to think about their present situation and how it may lead to a discovery of meaning and hope in the future. Plato’s attention to the whole person, body and emotions, led to an understanding of the human spirit at work which is reflected in Franklian self-transcendent theory: a being reaching out beyond himself.[i]  Aristotle noted the necessity of responsibility in governing others; the same theme of responsibility is ingrained in Frankl’s logotherapy.[ii] Immanuel Kant played the pivotal role in the Aufklärung school of thought especially as it plays out in the moral imperative: “What ought I to do.” The Kantian connection is found in Frankl’s “demand quality of life” whereby man is pressed upon to respond to existential reality in the most meaningful and purpose-centered way.[iii] Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel’s (1770-1831) influence rises out of his view of Absolute Reality or Geist. The influence on Viktor Frankl is found in the goal of Geist which is self-knowledge attained through self-reflection.[iv]



[i]Ibid. 8.

[ii]Graber, Viktor Frankl’s Logotherapy, 27.

[iii]Ibid. 29.

[iv]Ibid. 30.

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